History – Modern Singapore History
dates to the arrival of Sir Stamford Raffles in 1826
Later the British bought Singapore and turned it into
a major port. Singapore, Penang and Malacca came together
to form the Straits Settlement. Singapore prospered
with the increase of trade with Asia, the opening
of the Suez Canal and the coming of steamships. In
1867, the Straits Settlement became a British Crown
Colony and formed close links with Britain and prospered
from increased trade.
After the First World War, in 1921, the British Navy
constructed a major base in Singapore
and later on an important air base giving Singapore
The Japanese invaded Singapore in
1942 in order to control the allied port and airbase.
During the rest of World War II, the population of
Singapore suffered greatly and it wasn’t until
1945 that the British regained control of the island.
Following on the end of WWI, the Straits Settlement
was ended and Singapore alone became
Crown Colony. In 1959, Singapore
became self governing and in 1965 it became an independent
nation in its own right.